备考知识
2019年江西教师招考英语备考知识——特殊句式倒装句
倒装句是在江西教师招考中经常考察的一个考点,但是其中有许多相似容易混淆的地方,针对这个大家都为之困惑的问题,小编整理了一些关于倒装句的相关知识点。 一般而言,英语里的陈述句表达都是“主+谓+其他”的结构,也就是说如果按正常语序,我们都是先说主语再说谓语的,但也有特殊情况,在某些情况下我们把句子的结构会调换顺序,而倒装就是其中的一种。那么什么是倒装句呢?倒装就是把谓语的全部或者部分放在主语之前的现象,把谓语全部放在主语之前的叫全部倒装,把谓语的部分放在主语之前(即助动词提前)的就叫部分倒装。我们要明白什么情况下用部分倒装,什么情况必须全部倒装,这样才能在考试中做到游刃有余。 全部倒装的情况有以下三种: (1)以here, there, up, down, in, off, away, then 等副词开头的句子,要进行全部倒装,但主语不能是代词。(提供记忆口诀:这里、那里、上上、下下,这时、那时、里里、外外) 如:Here comes the bus! In came the teacher, but out he went again. (前半句是副词in开头,因此全部倒装,而后半句作主语的是人称代词he,所以不全部倒装。) (2)表示地点的介词短语作状语放句首时,全部倒装。 如:Under the tree stands a beautiful girl. (3)强调表语,放句首时,为了保持句子的平衡,全部倒装。 如:Present at the meeting were 1000 students. 部分倒装的情况比较多,为了记忆方便,我总结了以下最常考的三点: (1)前倒后不倒: ① never, hardly(…when…), scarcely, seldom, little, not, no sooner...than…, nor…等含有否定意义或否定形式的副词放句首时,要前倒后不倒; 如: Hardly had I picked up the phone when I was told that the hotel had been booked full. ② not only…but also…连接并列的句子放句首时要前倒后不倒; 如:Not only does he know French, but also he is expert at it. ③ So… that …, such… that …中So或者such及修饰的成分放句首时,前倒后不倒。 如:So busy is he that he cannot go on a holiday. (2)前不倒后倒: Only +状语/in this way 放句首;not until+时间状语放于句首时,前不倒后倒; 如:Only after he has finished his homework is he allowed to go to the party. Not until he came back from the troop did he meet his fiancée. (3)前后都倒: neither… nor…连接并列的句子放句首时,前后都倒装。 如:Neither do I know it, nor do I care about it. 想获取更多关于江西教师考试的相关资讯,敬请关注名师教育官网(www.jiaoshizk.com)。
2019年江西教师招考英语备考知识——英语作文黄金句型大集锦
1.It is important for everyone to learn English well in our rapidly developing world. 在这个迅速发展的世界里,对每个人来说学好英语都是非常重要的。 [额外成就感] 样句型包括:It is important/necessary/difficult/convenient/possible for sb.to do sth. 例句:It is necessary to shake hands when you first meet someone. 与第一次见面的人握手是非常必要的。 2.The harder you work at it,the more progress you will make. 你工作越努力,你取得的进步就越大。 [额外成就感] ①The+比较级...,the+比较级... ②比较级+and+比较级(The world is getting smaller and smaller.) 3.If everyone makes a contribution to protecting the environment,the world will become much more beautiful. 如果每个人都为保护环境做出贡献,世界会变得更加美好。 [额外成就感] 类似的句型还有:If necessary…,they can… 4.The best way to remember new words is to practice them everyday. 记忆新单词最好的方法是每天操练这些单词。 5.The atmosphere in my family is fantastic. 我的家庭气氛温馨和睦。 6.The reason why people choose to live in the city is that the life is more convenient and colorful. 人们为什么选择生活在城市的原因是因为城市的生活更方便、更丰富多彩。 7.I had a great first impression of American people. 我对美国人民有了很好的第一印象。 8.We have lots of confidence in our ability to solve any problem. 我们对自己解决问题的能力有足够的信心。 9.With the rapid development of modern technology,the Internet has become a necessary part of our daily life and work. 随着现代科技的迅速发展,互联网已经成为我们生活和工作中必不可少的一部分。 10.You should read as many books as you possibly can. 你应该尽可能的多读书。 11.China is becoming more and more prosperous because of the reform and“opening up”policy. 由于实施了改革开放政策,中国变得更加繁荣了。 12.We all need clean air to breathe;we all need clean water to drink;we all need green places to enjoy. 我们都需要呼吸清新的空气,我们都需要饮用洁净的水,我们都需要享受绿地。 13.Let's work together to make our world a better place. 让我们一起努力把世界变得更加美好。 14.We should make full use of our time to do useful and productive things. 我们应该充分利用好时间去做有用的、富有成效的事。 15.We should get into the good habit of using our time wisely. 我们应该养成明智利用时间的好习惯。 16.What I really want to know is whether he will go abroad next month? 我的确想知道的是,他是否会在下个月出国。 17.Television is harmful to developing minds. 电视不利于开发心智。 18.Children usually have far more potential than their parents have realized. 孩子们都有很大的潜能,而父母却没有意识到这一点。 19.In the past 10 years,great changes have taken place in our school. 在过去的10年里,我们学校发生了巨大的变化。 20.People who spend more time with their families are usually healthier and happier. 那些花更多时间和家人在一起的人通常会更健康更幸福。 21.The job was hard,which made me so tired that I almost quit half way. 这份工作太辛苦,差点使我半途而废。 [额外成就感] ①直接使用:so…that… 例句:The job was so tired,boring and seemed endless that I almost quit half way. 这份工作太累、太无聊,而且没完没了,这使我差点半途而废。 高级句型挑战: The job was hard,boring and seemed endless,which made me so tired that I almost quit half way. 这份工作太辛苦、太无聊,而且没完没了,这使我非常累,差点半途而废。 ②能够增加句子层次的高级连词还有: (Not only…but also…)、(Because…)、(because of…)、(As long as…)、(so long as…) 22.The Red Star Television Factory,which produces TV sets of quality,was set up in the 1980's. 生产高品质电视的红星电视机厂,始建于1980年。 23.The E-reading room,where we can send e-mails to all parts of the world,is open to both teachers and students. 电子阅览室对老师和同学都同样开放,在那里我们可以向世界每个地方发送电子邮件。 24.I feel I will be fit for the job needed in your company. 我感觉我会是你们公司所需要的人。 25.The number of workers and engineers has risen to over 2000,and 80%of them are college graduates. 工人和工程师的数量已超过了2000人,而且他们有80%都是大学学历。 26.There is an increasing tendency that students own their mobile phones on campus. 在校园内,学生拥有手机的趋势在不断增长。 27.Now in the rural areas,there are many children out of school.I think one of reasons is that their families are too poor to afford their schooling. 现今,在农村地区有很多孩子失学。我认为原因之一就是他们的家庭太贫困,以至于无法供应他们上学。 28.People should pay more attention to the education of children because they will play a very significant/important part/role in the future of our country. 人们应该增加对儿童教育的重视,因为他们会在祖国的未来扮演重要的角色。 29.In 2008,you will see Beijing as beautiful as a garden,with cleaner water and clearer sky. 到2008年,我们会看到北京像花园一样,有着更加清澈的河水和更加碧透的天空。 30.How nice to hear from you again. 能再次收到你的来信真是太好了。 31.Your early reply will be highly appreciated. 敬盼早日回复。 [额外成就感] I'm looking forward to meeting you in no time. 我期待与你早日相见。 32.If you have any questions or requests,please let me know. 如果你有什么问题和请求只管跟我说。 33.No matter what you do in the future,English will always be important. 不管你将来做什么,英语都是很重要的。 34.Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有什么比接受教育更重要的事了。 35.There is no doubt that playing video game is going to be their biggest problem for students to affect study. 毫无疑问,玩电子游戏正在成为影响学生学习的最大问题。 36.Obviously,it is high/about time that we took some effective measures to solve the problem. 显然,是采取一些积极的措施来解决问题的时候了。 写作高手使用的高难度表达: I suggest the department concerned taking some effective measures to improve the present situation. 我建议有关部门采取一些有效措施改善现状。 37.Since he went to senior high school,he has worked very hard. 自从他上高中以来一直很用功。 38.We should spare no effort to beautify our environment. 我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。 39.Smoking has a great influence on our health. 吸烟对我们的健康有很大的影响。 40.As a proverb says,/As is well known to us,storms make trees take deeper roots. 正如一句名言所说,风暴使树木深深扎根。 想获取更多关于江西教师考试的相关资讯,敬请关注名师教育官网(www.jiaoshizk.com)。
2019年江西教师招考英语备考知识——英语作文高频词考点(三)
课程标准相关理念英文版整理: Designing principles for the National English Curriculum b.Promote learner-centeredness, and respect individual differences. 突出学生主体,尊重个体差异。 Students’ overall development is the motivation and goal of the English curriculum. Therefore, its objective, the teaching process, the assessment procedures as well as the development of teaching resources should all reflect the principle of learner-centered approach. Classroom teaching should become a process during which students are guided by the teachers in constructing knowledge, developing skills, being active in thinking, demonstrating personal characters, developing intelligence and broadening their views and visions. Teaching should take full consideration of students’ individual differences in learning process and their learning styles and teaching should be flexible in using teaching methods, resources and ways of assessment so as to make teaching beneficial to all kinds of students. 想获取更多关于江西教师考试的相关资讯,敬请关注名师教育官网(www.jiaoshizk.com)。
2019年江西教师招考英语备考知识——英语作文高频词考点(二)
课程标准相关理念英文版整理: Designing principles for the National English Curriculum a.Aim for educating all students,and emphasize quality-oriented education. 面向全体学生,注重素质教育 The English curriculum aims education for all students and stresses quality-oriented education.The new standards particularly show concerns over students’affective needs as well as other learning needs in order to stimulate their interests in learning,help them experience the sense of success,and gain self-confidence in learning.Its overall objective is to develop students’comprehensive abilities in using the language and to improve their cultural quality,to develop their practical skills,as well as to cultivate their creative spirit. 想获取更多关于江西教师考试的相关资讯,敬请关注名师教育官网(www.jiaoshizk.com)。
2019年江西教师招考英语备考知识——英语作文高频词考点(一)
高频词整理: 培养:cultivate (v.); foster(v.); nurture(v.) 促进学生身心发展:promote the students’ physical, mental (or intellectual) and emotional development 心理健康:psychological soundness (or well-being/welfare) 学习能力(先天)aptitude(n.); talent (n.) 学习能力(后天)ability (n.); skill(n.) 学校教育:schooling (n.) 家庭教育:upbringing (n.) 给学生以动力:give the students motivation to do sth.; motivate the students to do sth. 青少年:adolescents(n.); youngsters (n.); youths (n.) 传授知识:impart (or inculcate) knowledge 灌输高尚的道德观:instill high oral values (value复数) 给学生以灵感:give the students though (or inspiration) 家长的教育方式:parenting (n.); upbringing (n.) 教学法:teaching methodology; pedagogical methodology 适应:adapt to sth.; adjust oneself to sth.; become accustomed to sth. 适应能力:adaptability (n.) 学生对老师所教知识的掌握:students’ grasp (or command) of what has been taught 就业技能:employable (or marketable) skills 填鸭式教法教学生:force-feed the students 学生不应该只是被动接受知识的容器:students should not be treated as passive receptacles of predigested ideas 死记硬背:learn things by rote 为了记忆而记忆:memorize for memorization’s own sake 责任感:a sense of obligation 记忆方程式、公式、定理、定律: memorize equations, formulas, theorems and laws 应用:apply (v.) 盲从:follow sth. blindly; follow sth. Indiscriminately 限制创造力的发展:extinguish (stifle/constrain) creativity 打击学生的积极性:dampen (or sap) the students’ enthusiasm frustrate the students 产生不必要的压力:beget (or create) undue pressure 塑造某人的性格:Mold one’s character 把学生分开教育:segregate students 来自其他同学的压力:peer pressure 逆境:adverse circumstances; adversity (n.) 团队精神:team spirit 独立思考:think independently 在理解的基础上学习:learn things through understanding 鼓励学生用辩证的眼光看问题:encourage the students to think critically 学生的反馈:students’ feedback; students’ input 学生评价老师的教学:student appraise/evaluate their teachers’ performance 各门课程总称:curriculum (n.) 具体一门课的内容:syllabus (n.) 课外活动:extra-curricular activities; after-school activities 学校是社会的缩影:a school is society in miniature 不遵守纪律(名词): indiscipline; misbehavior; mischief 违反纪律的学生:disruptive students; unruly students 理论知识:theoretical knowledge 通才:generalist(n.) 专才:specialist(n.) 全面发展的:well-rounded; versatile 为社会健康发展做贡献:contribute to societal well-being (or welfare) 人文学科:humanities 社会学科:social sciences 艺术:arts 文科总称:liberal studies; arts 理科:sciences 工科:engineering 小(中、大)学教育:primary-level (or secondary-level/tertiary-level) education 职业教育:vocational education (training) 想获取更多关于江西教师考试的相关资讯,敬请关注名师教育官网(www.jiaoshizk.com)。
2019年江西教师招考英语备考知识——动词的时态(三)
【动词的时态(三)】 一般将来时过去将来时 1.一般将来时 (1)一般将来时表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态。常与表示将来的时间状语连用:tomorrow,next week,next month,in a few days,from now on。如: I’m going to visit the museum this Sunday. I’ll be there in half an hour. We’ll arrive tomorrow. (2)一般将来时的构成 ①be going to+动词原形。Be随主语人称和数的变化而变化,否定句在be后面加not,疑问句是将be放到主语之后。例如: It’s going to be fine tomorrow. He isn’t going to speak at the meeting. What are you going to do next? ②will+动词原形。Will可以和各种人称及数的主语连用。否定句在will后加not,缩写成won’t,疑问句需将will提至主语之前。例如: We will have a basketball match next week. Will you come to the party? I won’t lend it to you. ③shall+动词原形。此结构常用于主语为第人称I/we的句中,疑问句表示提建议或征求意见。如: When and where shall we meet? Shall I turn on the TV? 一般将来时的基本用法。 ①“be going to+动词原形”表示“意图”,即打算、计划要做某事。如: Are you going to post the letter? How long is he going to stay here? ②“be going to+动词原形”还可以表示“预见”,即现在已有迹象表明将要发生的事。如: There are a lot of clouds.It’s going to rain. It’s 7:50.I’m going to be late. ③“will+动词原形”表示客观上要发生的事或表示“带意愿色彩的将来”。如: He will help you if you ask him. They will come back tomorrow. 2.过去将来时 过去将来时表示在过去将来的某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态。常用于宾语从句中。其结构与一般将来时类似,只需将助动词改为过去式。 am/is/are going to+动词原形→was/were going to+动词原形 will+动词原形→would+动词原形 should+动词原形→should+动词原形 例如: You knew I would come. He asked me when he would see me again. Jim said he was going to see his friend the next day. 想获取更多关于江西教师考试的相关资讯,敬请关注名师教育官网(www.jiaoshizk.com)。
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